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Welcome to the EREAN website

EREAN is the FP7 Marie-Curie Initial Training Network Project that started on the 1st of September 2013. This European Rare Earth (Magnet) Recycling Network will train 15 young researchers in the science and technology of rare earths, with emphasis on the recycling of these elements from permanent magnets. An intensive intersectoral and interdisciplinary collaboration has been established in the EREAN consortium, which covers the full materials loop, from urban mine to magnet. By training the researchers in basic and applied rare-earth sciences, with emphasis on extraction and separation methods and rare-earth metallurgy, sustainable materials management, recycling methods, life cycle assessment (LCA), and the principles of urban mining, they will become the much needed "rare earthers" for employment in the growing European rare-earth industry.

LATEST BLOG POST

FP7 MC-ITN EREAN Presentations at ERES 2017

EREAN ESRs and Supervisors published a number of papers in the ERES 2017 Conference. Here below you can find the […]

EREAN ESRs and Supervisors published a number of papers in the ERES 2017 Conference. Here below you can find the titles of the EREAN papers/presentations.

  • Yongxiang YANG, REE Recovery from End-of-Life Permanent Magnet Scrap: Challenges and Opportunities in Europe
  • Aida ABBASALIZADEH, Seshadri SEETHARAMAN, Jilt SIETSMA and Yongxiang YANG, Electrochemical extraction of RE from REO using a novel reactive anode
  • Junhua XU, Efficient Recovery and Separation of Co, Nd and Dy from Ternary Solution Using Amorphous Zircomnium Phosphate and Nitric Acid
  • Sofía RIANO, Koen BINNEMANS, Recovery of Neodymium and Dysprosium from NdFeB Magnets using Ionic Liquid Technology
  • Prakash VENKATESAN, Electrochemical recycling of REEs from NdFeB magnet waste
  • Mehmet Ali Recai ÖNAL, Emir AKTAN, Chenna Rao BORRA, Muxing GUO, Bart BLANPAIN, Tom VAN GERVEN, Recycling of NdFeB Magnets with Nitration-Calcination-Water Leaching
  • Christian JÖNSSON, Extraction of Nd-Fe-B magnets from automotive rotors using hydrogen
  • Alexandru LIXANDRU, Iuliana POENARU, Konrad GÜTH, Roland GAUSS, Oliver GUTFLEISCH, Recycling of Nd-Fe-B scrap permanent magnets via hydrogen processing
  • Iuliana POENARU, Alexandru LIXANDRU, Konrad GÜTH, Roland GAUSS, Oliver GUTFLEISCH, Light rare-earths substitution in rapidly solidified Nd2Fe14B-based alloys for resource-efficient permanent magnets fabrication
  • Rita SCHULZE, Aida ABBASALIZADEH, Matthias BUCHERT, Estimating environmental impacts associated with a one-step recycling process to extract rare earths from end-of-life Nd-Fe-B magnets
  • Marino GERGORIC, ORGANIC PHASE OPTIMIZATION IN SOLVENT EXTRACTION OF RARE EARTH ELEMENTS FROM NEODYMIUM MAGNET LEACHATES
  • Mikhail S. TYUMENTSEV, Development of polyamide solvent extraction reagents for trivalent lanthanides

EREAN_SANTORINI_2017

LATEST NEWS

The rare-earth element Balance Problem revisited

Following their previous, widely-cited work with respect to the rare-earth element Balance Problem, Prof. Binnemans and colleagues have just published a thorough update of this key issue in the Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy.

Following their previous, widely-cited work with respect to the rare-earth element Balance Problem, Prof. Binnemans and colleagues have just published a thorough update of this key issue in a review article in the Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy. The paper is a collaboration between SIM² KU Leuven, Fraunhofer Institute for Chemical Technology (ICT) and TECNALIA, in the context of the EU REMAGHIC project.

The Balance Problem revisited

The balance between the market demand and the natural abundance of the rare-earth elements (REEs) in ores, often referred to as the Balance Problem (or the Balancing Problem), is a major issue for REE suppliers. The ideal situation is a perfect match between the market demand for and the production of REEs, so that there are no surpluses of any of the REEs. This means that the rare-earth industry must find new uses for REEs that are available in excess and search for substitutes for REEs that have either limited availability or are high in demand. The new study presents an overview of the trends in the applications for the different REEs and shows that the demand for REEs for use in magnets, catalysts, and alloys is still increasing, while the application of REEs in polishing agents, glass, and ceramics are stable. On the other hand, the use of REEs in nickel–metal-hydride (NiMH) batteries and lamp phosphors is decreasing. These changes in the REE market have an influence on the Balance Problem, because the REEs that can be recycled from fluorescent lamps, cathode-ray tubes (CRTs), and NiMH batteries have to be at least partly reused in other applications. Magnesium and aluminum alloys offer an opportunity to mitigate the Balance Problem caused by these changes in the REE market. This is illustrated for REEs that can be recycled from fluorescent-lamp phosphor waste, CRT phosphors, and NiMH batteries. At present, five REEs (Nd, Eu, Tb, Dy, and Y) are being considered as very critical by Europe, the United States, and Japan, but the authors forecast that in the medium term, only neodymium will remain a critical REE. This paper discusses the relationship between criticality and the Balance Problem and shows how this relationship influences the market for specific REEs.

Key info review paper

Previous work on the REE Balance Problem by Binnemans et al.

  • Binnemans, P.T. Jones, K. Van Acker, B. Blanpain, B. Mishra, D. Apelian,Rare-Earth Economics: The Balance Problem, Journal of Metals (JOM) 65, 846–848 (2013) – download
  • Binnemans and P.T. Jones, Rare Earths and the Balance Problem, Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy, 1, 29–38 (2015) – download

CRM 2017-04

RARE EARTHS IN THE PRESS

NOLANS GRANTED MAJOR PROJECT STATUS

The Nolans rare earths project, in the Northern Territory, Australia, has been granted major project status by the Australian government, […]

Nolans arafura

The Nolans rare earths project, in the Northern Territory, Australia, has been granted major project status by the Australian government, providing the project with a tailored facilitation service to support a timely and efficient approvals process.

Owner Arafura Resources said that the major project status would assist with the coordination of all relevant Australian and Northern Territory government processes, so they could occur simultaneously and without delay.

Arafura is hoping to start production at Nolans in 2019, with production targeted at 20 000 t/y of rare earth oxide equivalent.

Arafura in June identified a number of improvements to the existing project structure, which are expected to deliver a more competitive and efficient project, with greater capacity to withstand cyclical downturns in rare earths prices.

These studies, targeting preferred phosphate-rich material types in the project’s resource, would deliver an optimal plant feed and throughput that resulted in an adjustment to planned yearly rare earths output to 14 000 t of total rare earth oxides over the more than 20-year operational life of the project.

Identified improvements also included planned yearly output of 110 000 t of a merchant-grade phosphoric acid product, which would be sold to the fertiliser industry.

Read more at Mining Weekly

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Blog

  • FP7 MC-ITN EREAN Presentations at ERES 2017

    EREAN ESRs and Supervisors published a number of papers in the ERES 2017 Conference. Here below you can find the […]

    ... read more
  • Military Applications of the REEs in the United States

    The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) uses rare earths in a number of military technologies and is dependent on their availability. […]

    ... read more
  • The magic of printable magnets

      This mysterious red thing was given to three engineers with the question: “Can you explain this?” They took it […]

    ... read more
  • Will permanent-magnet motors be replaced by induced motors without rare earth elements in the future?

    The alternative motor without rare-earth minerals was developed by Toyota Motor, If this motor can be produced in large amount, […]

    ... read more
  • Magnets in art (and design)

    Ever since magnetism was discovered thousands of years ago, people have been fascinated by it. And of course we are, […]

    ... read more

Policy Brief

News

  • The rare-earth element Balance Problem revisited

    Following their previous, widely-cited work with respect to the rare-earth element Balance Problem, Prof. Binnemans and colleagues have just published a thorough update of this key issue in the Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy.

    ... read more
  • To mine or not to mine, that is the question

    Join us in Leuven on February 21 for a unique Symposium on the Social License to Operate for mining of critical metals. The Symposium is part of the Arts festival “Artefact 2018: This Rare Earth – Stories from Below”.

    ... read more
  • Extracting and recycling vital metals

    Essential for manufacturing high-tech products, rare earth metals are in short supply. EU-funded research is investigating how to extract rare earth magnets from electric vehicle motors and recycle them.

    ... read more
  • EURARE project is completed

    The EURARE project began on the 1st of January 2013, and ran for five years (Balomenos et al., 2017). Its […]

    ... read more
  • G. Bailey & 7th Trilateral Critical Materials

    Gwendolyn Bailey, a KU Leuven researcher in the EU H2020 DEMETER project, presented her work at the high-level 7th Trilateral EU-US-Japan Conference on Critical Materials (October 12, 2017) in Pittsburgh, USA.

    ... read more

Videos

Press

  • NOLANS GRANTED MAJOR PROJECT STATUS

    The Nolans rare earths project, in the Northern Territory, Australia, has been granted major project status by the Australian government, […]

    ... read more
  • ENGINEERS CREATE ROOM-TEMPERATURE MULTIFERROIC MATERIAL

    The magnetoelectric multiferroic. The double strand of purple represents the extra layer of iron oxide, which makes the material a […]

    ... read more
  • MAGNET MAKERS FIGHT FOR SUPREMACY IN THE COMING ELECTRIC-CAR ERA

    This motor, developed jointly by Honda Motor and Daido Electronics, incorporates magnets containing no rare earths. Honda Motor and Daido […]

    ... read more
  • CHEMISTS DEVISE REVOLUTIONARY 3-D BONE-SCANNING TECHNIQUE

    Microscopy of Microdamaged Bovine Bone Structure. Source: Cell Chemists from Trinity College Dublin, in collaboration with RCSI, have devised a […]

    ... read more
  • NIOCORP COMPLETES FIVE PILOT PLANT RUNS AS PART OF ITS FEASIBILITY STUDY

    NioCorp announced last September the successful conclusion of five metallurgical pilot plant runs that have tested the Company’s Scandium, Niobium, […]

    ... read more
 

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This project has received funding from the European Union's Seventh Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration under Grant Agreement No 607411