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Welcome to the EREAN website

EREAN is the FP7 Marie-Curie Initial Training Network Project that started on the 1st of September 2013. This European Rare Earth (Magnet) Recycling Network will train 15 young researchers in the science and technology of rare earths, with emphasis on the recycling of these elements from permanent magnets. An intensive intersectoral and interdisciplinary collaboration has been established in the EREAN consortium, which covers the full materials loop, from urban mine to magnet. By training the researchers in basic and applied rare-earth sciences, with emphasis on extraction and separation methods and rare-earth metallurgy, sustainable materials management, recycling methods, life cycle assessment (LCA), and the principles of urban mining, they will become the much needed "rare earthers" for employment in the growing European rare-earth industry.

LATEST BLOG POST

FP7 MC-ITN EREAN Presentations at ERES 2017

EREAN ESRs and Supervisors published a number of papers in the ERES 2017 Conference. Here below you can find the […]

EREAN ESRs and Supervisors published a number of papers in the ERES 2017 Conference. Here below you can find the titles of the EREAN papers/presentations.

  • Yongxiang YANG, REE Recovery from End-of-Life Permanent Magnet Scrap: Challenges and Opportunities in Europe
  • Aida ABBASALIZADEH, Seshadri SEETHARAMAN, Jilt SIETSMA and Yongxiang YANG, Electrochemical extraction of RE from REO using a novel reactive anode
  • Junhua XU, Efficient Recovery and Separation of Co, Nd and Dy from Ternary Solution Using Amorphous Zircomnium Phosphate and Nitric Acid
  • Sofía RIANO, Koen BINNEMANS, Recovery of Neodymium and Dysprosium from NdFeB Magnets using Ionic Liquid Technology
  • Prakash VENKATESAN, Electrochemical recycling of REEs from NdFeB magnet waste
  • Mehmet Ali Recai ÖNAL, Emir AKTAN, Chenna Rao BORRA, Muxing GUO, Bart BLANPAIN, Tom VAN GERVEN, Recycling of NdFeB Magnets with Nitration-Calcination-Water Leaching
  • Christian JÖNSSON, Extraction of Nd-Fe-B magnets from automotive rotors using hydrogen
  • Alexandru LIXANDRU, Iuliana POENARU, Konrad GÜTH, Roland GAUSS, Oliver GUTFLEISCH, Recycling of Nd-Fe-B scrap permanent magnets via hydrogen processing
  • Iuliana POENARU, Alexandru LIXANDRU, Konrad GÜTH, Roland GAUSS, Oliver GUTFLEISCH, Light rare-earths substitution in rapidly solidified Nd2Fe14B-based alloys for resource-efficient permanent magnets fabrication
  • Rita SCHULZE, Aida ABBASALIZADEH, Matthias BUCHERT, Estimating environmental impacts associated with a one-step recycling process to extract rare earths from end-of-life Nd-Fe-B magnets
  • Marino GERGORIC, ORGANIC PHASE OPTIMIZATION IN SOLVENT EXTRACTION OF RARE EARTH ELEMENTS FROM NEODYMIUM MAGNET LEACHATES
  • Mikhail S. TYUMENTSEV, Development of polyamide solvent extraction reagents for trivalent lanthanides

EREAN_SANTORINI_2017

LATEST NEWS

New Policy Brief on bauxite residue reprocessing

Could “red mud” (bauxite residue) be the answer to some of Europe’s critical-metal supply concerns? That’s the central question addressed in the April 2016 EU MSCA-ETN REDMUD Policy Brief, authored by Dr. T. Baleomenos (Greece).

Could “red mud” be the answer to some of Europe’s critical-metal supply concerns? That’s the central question addressed in the April 2016 EU MSCA-ETN REDMUD Policy Brief, authored by one of Europe’s finest red mud experts, i.e. Dr. Thymis Baleomenos (Aluminium of Greece). (Leuven, 18-4-2018)

The answers to the current raw-material supply challenges being faced by Europe lie in technological innovations that increase the efficiency of resource utilisation and allow the exploitation of yet untapped resources, such as industrial waste streams and metallurgical by-products. One of the key industrial residues that is currently not or only poorly valorised is bauxite residue (BR, more commonly known as “red mud”) from alumina refineries.

REDMUD_PB_1st_PAGEIn 2016 the European alumina and primary-aluminium industries utilised about 12 million tonnes of bauxite to produce about 7 million tons of alumina (out of the 115 million tonnes produced worldwide), and imported an additional 4 million tonnes of alumina to produce about 4 million tonnes of primary aluminium (out of the 59 million tonnes produced worldwide).

A number of processes have been proposed, but never implemented, for the simultaneous recovery of the major metals from bauxite residue (towards “zero waste” objective). Despite the lab-scale success of much of the work so far the industrial utilization of BR is estimated at just 2-4 million tonnes, accounting for less than 2.5% of the annual BR production.

The main barriers to applying any solution for the valorisation of BR are the techno-economic viability of the solution and the legislative environment. To change this, environmental policy actions are needed, to provide incentives for industrial symbiosis and simplify the waste-transfer or waste de-characterisation process across Europe.

Download REDMUD Brief April 2016 here.

Key info Policy Brief REDMUD, April 2018

  • Author: Dr. Thymis Baleomenos (Mytilineos S.A.- Aluminium of Greece)
  • Project website REDMUD: http://etn.redmud.org
  • Design: sciencewriter.si
  • Acknowledgements: This project has received funding from the European Union’s EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation Horizon 2020 under Grant Agreement No 636876
  • Disclaimer: the views expressed in this article are the private views of the author and may not, under any circumstances, be interpreted as stating an official position of ETN REDMUD or SIM² KU Leuven.

Read more about similar issues in our associated Policy Briefs:

Thymis Baleomenos

Thymis Baleomenos

Bio author: Dr. Efthymios Balomenos studied mining and metallurgical engineering at the National Technical University of Athens and received his PhD degree in thermodynamics from the same school in 2006. Since 2008 he has been working in the Laboratory of Metallurgy as a postdoc researcher focusing on sustainable process development, CO2-mitigation strategies, exergy analysis and resource-utilisation efficiency. He has been involved in the coordination and research management of several European Research projects under FP7 and H2020. He has 25 publications in peer-reviewed journals and books with over 180 citations (h-index 8). The majority of these publications relate in one way or another to the field of bauxite-residue treatment. Since 2015 he has been employed in Mytilineos S.A.- Aluminium of Greece as residue-valorisation engineer and represents Mytilineos at the European Aluminium Innovation Hub.

RARE EARTHS IN THE PRESS

NOLANS GRANTED MAJOR PROJECT STATUS

The Nolans rare earths project, in the Northern Territory, Australia, has been granted major project status by the Australian government, […]

Nolans arafura

The Nolans rare earths project, in the Northern Territory, Australia, has been granted major project status by the Australian government, providing the project with a tailored facilitation service to support a timely and efficient approvals process.

Owner Arafura Resources said that the major project status would assist with the coordination of all relevant Australian and Northern Territory government processes, so they could occur simultaneously and without delay.

Arafura is hoping to start production at Nolans in 2019, with production targeted at 20 000 t/y of rare earth oxide equivalent.

Arafura in June identified a number of improvements to the existing project structure, which are expected to deliver a more competitive and efficient project, with greater capacity to withstand cyclical downturns in rare earths prices.

These studies, targeting preferred phosphate-rich material types in the project’s resource, would deliver an optimal plant feed and throughput that resulted in an adjustment to planned yearly rare earths output to 14 000 t of total rare earth oxides over the more than 20-year operational life of the project.

Identified improvements also included planned yearly output of 110 000 t of a merchant-grade phosphoric acid product, which would be sold to the fertiliser industry.

Read more at Mining Weekly

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Blog

  • FP7 MC-ITN EREAN Presentations at ERES 2017

    EREAN ESRs and Supervisors published a number of papers in the ERES 2017 Conference. Here below you can find the […]

    ... read more
  • Military Applications of the REEs in the United States

    The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) uses rare earths in a number of military technologies and is dependent on their availability. […]

    ... read more
  • The magic of printable magnets

      This mysterious red thing was given to three engineers with the question: “Can you explain this?” They took it […]

    ... read more
  • Will permanent-magnet motors be replaced by induced motors without rare earth elements in the future?

    The alternative motor without rare-earth minerals was developed by Toyota Motor, If this motor can be produced in large amount, […]

    ... read more
  • Magnets in art (and design)

    Ever since magnetism was discovered thousands of years ago, people have been fascinated by it. And of course we are, […]

    ... read more

Policy Brief

News

  • New Policy Brief on bauxite residue reprocessing

    Could “red mud” (bauxite residue) be the answer to some of Europe’s critical-metal supply concerns? That’s the central question addressed in the April 2016 EU MSCA-ETN REDMUD Policy Brief, authored by Dr. T. Baleomenos (Greece).

    ... read more
  • A new association for the global REE industry

    On March 29, 2018, the kick-off event for GloREIA took place in Brussels. GloREIA is to become a new, global association for the rare earth industry. To kickstart this association EIT RawMaterials provides financial support.

    ... read more
  • Non-aqueous SX provides enhanced separations

    In the framework of the ERC SOLCRIMET project KU Leuven researchers have found that replacement of water by ethylene glycol provides enhanced selectivity in the solvent extraction of transitions metals from rare earth elements.

    ... read more
  • New paper on direct recycling of NdFeB alloys

    The colleagues from TU Darmstadt and Fraunhofer IWKS in Germany present material-to-material (direct) recycling approaches for NdFeB magnet alloys. The paper is published in the Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy.

    ... read more
  • New paper on the effect of the diluent in REE SX

    This new Hydrometallurgy paper by Kumar Batchu and Binnemans studies the effect of the diluent) on the solvent extraction of Nd using D2EHPA as extractant. Studied diluents varied from aliphatic, aliphatic-aromatic to aromatic.

    ... read more

Videos

Press

  • NOLANS GRANTED MAJOR PROJECT STATUS

    The Nolans rare earths project, in the Northern Territory, Australia, has been granted major project status by the Australian government, […]

    ... read more
  • ENGINEERS CREATE ROOM-TEMPERATURE MULTIFERROIC MATERIAL

    The magnetoelectric multiferroic. The double strand of purple represents the extra layer of iron oxide, which makes the material a […]

    ... read more
  • MAGNET MAKERS FIGHT FOR SUPREMACY IN THE COMING ELECTRIC-CAR ERA

    This motor, developed jointly by Honda Motor and Daido Electronics, incorporates magnets containing no rare earths. Honda Motor and Daido […]

    ... read more
  • CHEMISTS DEVISE REVOLUTIONARY 3-D BONE-SCANNING TECHNIQUE

    Microscopy of Microdamaged Bovine Bone Structure. Source: Cell Chemists from Trinity College Dublin, in collaboration with RCSI, have devised a […]

    ... read more
  • NIOCORP COMPLETES FIVE PILOT PLANT RUNS AS PART OF ITS FEASIBILITY STUDY

    NioCorp announced last September the successful conclusion of five metallurgical pilot plant runs that have tested the Company’s Scandium, Niobium, […]

    ... read more
 

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This project has received funding from the European Union's Seventh Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration under Grant Agreement No 607411