home | contact | members section

Welcome to the EREAN website

EREAN is the FP7 Marie-Curie Initial Training Network Project that started on the 1st of September 2013. This European Rare Earth (Magnet) Recycling Network will train 15 young researchers in the science and technology of rare earths, with emphasis on the recycling of these elements from permanent magnets. An intensive intersectoral and interdisciplinary collaboration has been established in the EREAN consortium, which covers the full materials loop, from urban mine to magnet. By training the researchers in basic and applied rare-earth sciences, with emphasis on extraction and separation methods and rare-earth metallurgy, sustainable materials management, recycling methods, life cycle assessment (LCA), and the principles of urban mining, they will become the much needed "rare earthers" for employment in the growing European rare-earth industry.

LATEST BLOG POST

FP7 MC-ITN EREAN Presentations at ERES 2017

EREAN ESRs and Supervisors published a number of papers in the ERES 2017 Conference. Here below you can find the […]

EREAN ESRs and Supervisors published a number of papers in the ERES 2017 Conference. Here below you can find the titles of the EREAN papers/presentations.

  • Yongxiang YANG, REE Recovery from End-of-Life Permanent Magnet Scrap: Challenges and Opportunities in Europe
  • Aida ABBASALIZADEH, Seshadri SEETHARAMAN, Jilt SIETSMA and Yongxiang YANG, Electrochemical extraction of RE from REO using a novel reactive anode
  • Junhua XU, Efficient Recovery and Separation of Co, Nd and Dy from Ternary Solution Using Amorphous Zircomnium Phosphate and Nitric Acid
  • Sofía RIANO, Koen BINNEMANS, Recovery of Neodymium and Dysprosium from NdFeB Magnets using Ionic Liquid Technology
  • Prakash VENKATESAN, Electrochemical recycling of REEs from NdFeB magnet waste
  • Mehmet Ali Recai ÖNAL, Emir AKTAN, Chenna Rao BORRA, Muxing GUO, Bart BLANPAIN, Tom VAN GERVEN, Recycling of NdFeB Magnets with Nitration-Calcination-Water Leaching
  • Christian JÖNSSON, Extraction of Nd-Fe-B magnets from automotive rotors using hydrogen
  • Alexandru LIXANDRU, Iuliana POENARU, Konrad GÜTH, Roland GAUSS, Oliver GUTFLEISCH, Recycling of Nd-Fe-B scrap permanent magnets via hydrogen processing
  • Iuliana POENARU, Alexandru LIXANDRU, Konrad GÜTH, Roland GAUSS, Oliver GUTFLEISCH, Light rare-earths substitution in rapidly solidified Nd2Fe14B-based alloys for resource-efficient permanent magnets fabrication
  • Rita SCHULZE, Aida ABBASALIZADEH, Matthias BUCHERT, Estimating environmental impacts associated with a one-step recycling process to extract rare earths from end-of-life Nd-Fe-B magnets
  • Marino GERGORIC, ORGANIC PHASE OPTIMIZATION IN SOLVENT EXTRACTION OF RARE EARTH ELEMENTS FROM NEODYMIUM MAGNET LEACHATES
  • Mikhail S. TYUMENTSEV, Development of polyamide solvent extraction reagents for trivalent lanthanides

EREAN_SANTORINI_2017

LATEST NEWS

G. Bailey & 7th Trilateral Critical Materials

Gwendolyn Bailey, a KU Leuven researcher in the EU H2020 DEMETER project, presented her work at the high-level 7th Trilateral EU-US-Japan Conference on Critical Materials (October 12, 2017) in Pittsburgh, USA.

Gwendolyn Bailey, a Marie-Skłodowska Curie fellow from KU Leuven represented the European H2020 ETN DEMETER (on Design and Recycling of Rare-Earth Permanent Magnet Motors and Generators in Hybrid and Full Electric Vehicles) at the 7th Trilateral EU-US-Japan Conference on Critical Materials. The conference took place on 12 October 2017 in Pittsburgh, USA. The audience consisted of researchers, industry members, government officials and other stakeholders all of whom have vast experience working with critical materials.

Towards a more sustainable electric vehicle

demeter-video

Gwen Bailey, ESR in ETN DEMETER

Gwendolyn’s presentation titled, “DEMETER – Towards a more sustainable electric vehicle”, touched upon how electric vehicles are contributing to global supply risk and the criticality of materials such as rare earth elements. Another major challenge is that today electric vehicles are not recycled, and there is not yet a reliable recycling procedure or infrastructure. In her presentation, Gwendolyn explained that the objectives of the DEMETER project are to develop three recovery routes for end-of-life (EoL) electric vehicle motors/generators: indirect recycling, direct recycling, and reuse. The indirect recycling route is a green chemical recycling process developed by KU Leuven and involves using ionic liquids to transform rare earth magnets back into to its elemental components. These elemental or metal components can then be used for permanent magnet production or other rare earth applications. The direct recycling route in which case the magnets are treated as a raw material for the production of new magnets, but using novel techniques such as hydrogen decrepitation processing, plasma/strip casting, and spark plasma sintering, to produce new, ready-to-use, magnetic materials or a new master alloy. Lastly, the direct reuse approach involves removing the magnets from EoL motors/generators and using them again in new motors/generators. The presentation shows how DEMETER will test these recycling routes in collaboration with early stage researchers, universities, businesses, and research institutions based in the EU.

Trilateral background and programme

The Trilateral Conference on Critical Materials is an annually held event organised by the European Commission (EC), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI), and the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organisation (NEDO) to emphasize the strategic importance of critical materials and to enhance collaboration among the three countries/continents (EU-US-JP). Each region gave an update on topics such as: resource efficiency, improving criticality assessments, bettering material resources and technology, and recycling from unconventional resources. The one-day event successfully demonstrated that the trilateral regions are working to properly monitor materials to foster resource efficiency and a circular economy, to reduce environmental pressures arising throughout a material’s life cycle, and to quantify the availability or ‘elemental criticality.’ The presenters and their presentations under each theme are listed below.

 

Session 1: Updates from the Trilateral

  • Prof. Gian Andrea Blengini: “Critical Raw Materials for the EU: JRC activities and revision of the list”
  • Hiroshi Oikawa; “Japan’s view on Critical Materials: Recent developments regarding Rare Metals”
  • Thomas Rasmussen; “Defense Logistics Agency strategic plans”

Session 2: Criticality and Supply Chain Analysis

  • Shinsuke Murakami, “Criticality assessment in Japan?”
  • Rod Eggert, “Material criticality : comparing china, Europe, Japan and the USA”
  • Vincent Blet, “SCREEN – Solutions for Critical Raw Materials – A European Expert Network”
  • Daniel B. Mueller “MinFUTURE – Towards a Google Maps for the global physical economy”

Session 3: Resources and Technology, A Canadian Perspective

  • Janice Zinck, Canmet MINING/Natural Resources

Session 4: Key Materials Development

  • Orlando Rios, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Critical Materials Institute
  • Prof. Duncan Allsopp, University of Bath
  • Chiharu Mitsumata, National Institute for Material Science (NIMS)

Session 5: Recovery from Recycled and Unconventional Sources

RARE EARTHS IN THE PRESS

NOLANS GRANTED MAJOR PROJECT STATUS

The Nolans rare earths project, in the Northern Territory, Australia, has been granted major project status by the Australian government, […]

Nolans arafura

The Nolans rare earths project, in the Northern Territory, Australia, has been granted major project status by the Australian government, providing the project with a tailored facilitation service to support a timely and efficient approvals process.

Owner Arafura Resources said that the major project status would assist with the coordination of all relevant Australian and Northern Territory government processes, so they could occur simultaneously and without delay.

Arafura is hoping to start production at Nolans in 2019, with production targeted at 20 000 t/y of rare earth oxide equivalent.

Arafura in June identified a number of improvements to the existing project structure, which are expected to deliver a more competitive and efficient project, with greater capacity to withstand cyclical downturns in rare earths prices.

These studies, targeting preferred phosphate-rich material types in the project’s resource, would deliver an optimal plant feed and throughput that resulted in an adjustment to planned yearly rare earths output to 14 000 t of total rare earth oxides over the more than 20-year operational life of the project.

Identified improvements also included planned yearly output of 110 000 t of a merchant-grade phosphoric acid product, which would be sold to the fertiliser industry.

Read more at Mining Weekly

Follow us

Blog

  • FP7 MC-ITN EREAN Presentations at ERES 2017

    EREAN ESRs and Supervisors published a number of papers in the ERES 2017 Conference. Here below you can find the […]

    ... read more
  • Military Applications of the REEs in the United States

    The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) uses rare earths in a number of military technologies and is dependent on their availability. […]

    ... read more
  • The magic of printable magnets

      This mysterious red thing was given to three engineers with the question: “Can you explain this?” They took it […]

    ... read more
  • Will permanent-magnet motors be replaced by induced motors without rare earth elements in the future?

    The alternative motor without rare-earth minerals was developed by Toyota Motor, If this motor can be produced in large amount, […]

    ... read more
  • Magnets in art (and design)

    Ever since magnetism was discovered thousands of years ago, people have been fascinated by it. And of course we are, […]

    ... read more

Policy Brief

News

  • G. Bailey & 7th Trilateral Critical Materials

    Gwendolyn Bailey, a KU Leuven researcher in the EU H2020 DEMETER project, presented her work at the high-level 7th Trilateral EU-US-Japan Conference on Critical Materials (October 12, 2017) in Pittsburgh, USA.

    ... read more
  • Symposium on Social License to Operate (21-2-18)

    As part of “Artefact 2018: This Rare Earth – Stories from Below”, a unique symposium on the Social License to Operate with respect to the mining and recycling of critical metals is taking place on February 21, 2018 (Leuven).

    ... read more
  • DEMETER video wins prize during EC JRC conference

    During the annual JRC EU4Facts conference in Brussels, the EU MSCA-ETN DEMETER video was awarded as a showcase example on how science can contribute to evidence based policy making.

    ... read more
  • EC publishes new list of Critical Raw Materials

    On September 13, 2017, the EC finally published its updated list of Critical Raw Materials. SIM² KU Leuven will continue to provide recovery/recycling technology for the following CRMs: Sb, Co, Ga, Ge, In, PGMs, REEs and Sc.

    ... read more
  • In memoriam Prof. Risto Harjula (Helsinki U.)

    SIM² KU Leuven & EREAN/REDMUD are deeply saddened to hear the news that our wonderful colleague, Prof. Risto Harjula (U. Helsinki), has passed away on September 11, 2017. We offer our sincere condolences to Risto’s family.

    ... read more

Videos

Press

  • NOLANS GRANTED MAJOR PROJECT STATUS

    The Nolans rare earths project, in the Northern Territory, Australia, has been granted major project status by the Australian government, […]

    ... read more
  • ENGINEERS CREATE ROOM-TEMPERATURE MULTIFERROIC MATERIAL

    The magnetoelectric multiferroic. The double strand of purple represents the extra layer of iron oxide, which makes the material a […]

    ... read more
  • MAGNET MAKERS FIGHT FOR SUPREMACY IN THE COMING ELECTRIC-CAR ERA

    This motor, developed jointly by Honda Motor and Daido Electronics, incorporates magnets containing no rare earths. Honda Motor and Daido […]

    ... read more
  • CHEMISTS DEVISE REVOLUTIONARY 3-D BONE-SCANNING TECHNIQUE

    Microscopy of Microdamaged Bovine Bone Structure. Source: Cell Chemists from Trinity College Dublin, in collaboration with RCSI, have devised a […]

    ... read more
  • NIOCORP COMPLETES FIVE PILOT PLANT RUNS AS PART OF ITS FEASIBILITY STUDY

    NioCorp announced last September the successful conclusion of five metallurgical pilot plant runs that have tested the Company’s Scandium, Niobium, […]

    ... read more
 

design by madebyan.be

This project has received funding from the European Union's Seventh Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration under Grant Agreement No 607411